Database Management Basics - Attaullah Law & Co.

Database Management Basics

Database management is the process for managing information that aids the business operations of an organization. It includes data storage, distributing it to application programs and users and then modifying it if necessary as well as monitoring changes to the data and preventing it from being damaged due to unexpected failures. It is a part of a company’s informational infrastructure which aids in decision making and corporate growth, as well as compliance with laws such as the GDPR and the California Consumer Privacy Act.

In the 1960s, Charles Bachman and IBM among others developed the first database systems. They evolved into information management systems (IMS) which made it possible to store and retrieve large amounts data for a broad range of purposes, ranging from calculating inventory to supporting complicated human resources and financial accounting functions.

A database is a set of tables that arrange data according to a particular scheme, such as one-to-many relationships. It makes use of primary keys to identify records, and allow cross-references between tables. Each table has a variety of fields, also known as attributes, which provide information about the entities that comprise the data. Relational models, which were developed by E. F. “TedCodd Codd in the 1970s at IBM and IBM, are among the most used database type in the present. This design is based on normalizing the data, making it simpler to use. It also makes it simpler to update data, avoiding the need to modify various databases.

Most DBMSs can support different types of databases by offering different levels of external and internal organization. The internal level is concerned with cost, scalability, as well as other operational issues, including the physical layout of the database. The external level is the representation of the database in user interfaces and applications. It could comprise a mix of different external views based on different models of data and may also include virtual tables that are calculated using generic data to enhance the performance.

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