Early Soviet Modernization in the Lives of Kazakh Women - Attaullah Law & Co.

Early Soviet Modernization in the Lives of Kazakh Women

The Kazakh woman observed the rules of the game—that is, she had no right to vote and no freedom of action—in exchange for which the man took full responsibility for the welfare of the family. In Kazakh tradition, disobedience by a wife—her opposition to the will of her husband—was continue reading on https://asian-date.net/central-asia/kazakhstan-women regarded as a vice. In accordance with this, a woman did not flaunt her influence over her husband or his relatives; instead, she showed obedience. Kazakhstan adopted the first National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council resolution “Peace, Women and Security”.

  • Marriage is forbidden to any couple related over the past seven generations.
  • There are beautiful parts of Kazakhstan, with lakes and mountains that would rival many tourist destinations in the world.
  • Also a product of their formally nomadic lives is the yurt, a Central Asian dwelling resembling a tepee, which was transportable and utilitarian on the harsh Central Asian steppe.
  • While tensions between the two groups were often subtle and barely visible, they erupted violently during the 16 December, 1986 riots over Russian control of the Kazakh Communist Party.

As a result, Kazakhstan’s HDI rank of 33 in 1991 went down to 76 in 1998 years. The territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan is about 2,700,000 km2. The Republic is situated in the Central Asian region and borders on China, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. Local state governance is performed by representative bodies of power – maslikhats elected by the population, and by executive bodies headed by akims nominated by the President. Kazakhstan is a unitary democratic secular state with the presidential form of government. The Parliament, whose functions include adoption of laws, amending them, ratification and denunciation of international agreements, consists of two Chambers.

Reporting a Problem

The idea was that these departments would direct all work on the education of women in the spirit of socialism. Moreover, they had to organize their work in such a way as to make women different. Women had to understand and accept the ideas of socialism, they had to allow themselves to work, to be in the limelight, to have a voice.

Every district in the country has a hospital, and medical care is free; patients only pay for drugs and specialized tests and care. Mothers usually stay in the hospital with their infants for a few days after birth. Some Kazakhs practice a custom of not letting anyone besides close family members see a newborn for the first forty days of life; then the family holds a small party and presents the baby to extended family and friends. Babies are well cared for and cherished by all cultures in Kazakhstan. Independence and access to markets have brought improved access to infant care products. Kin groups are central to the life of almost every Kazakh life. Who you are, who your family is, and where you are from are very important.

Russian Orthodox churches are in many parts of Kazakhstan, especially in the north and in large cities. Orthodox priests perform services and baptize children much as in the West. Women and girls often hold hands as they walk; boys wrestle and often hook arms or walk with their arms around each other. Kissing cheeks and embracing is perfectly acceptable between good friends.

Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world.

I missed my family, I missed feeling at ease, I missed feeling like I belonged. Though I had experienced these feelings while studying in Russia, I had had the safety net of my study abroad program and my American friends in St. Petersburg.

Kazakhstan, which officially became a full Soviet socialist republic in 1936, was an important but often neglected place during Soviet times. It was to Kazakhstan that Joseph Stalin exiled thousands of prisoners to some of his most brutal gulags. It was also to Kazakhstan that he repatriated millions of people of all different ethnicities, in an effort to “collectivize” the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan was also the site of the Soviet nuclear test programs and Nikita Khrushchev’s ill-conceived “Virgin Lands” program. These seventy years seem to have had a profound and long-lasting effect on these formerly nomadic people. Though I would need to conduct further research to examine how Kazakh people actually understand and perform their gender and how that influences their political views, my current research provides the foundation for such explorations.

Day of the Republic, 25 October, was the day independence was declared. This day is a day of Kazakh nationalism, with many speeches, songs, and performances in Kazakh. Independence Day is celebrated on 16 December—this date was chosen to remember the riots in Almaty on 16 December 1986.

There are a lot of Christian, Krishna, Pagan en Atheist people among Kazakh people. Arabs brought Islam to the region in the ninth century, and more than a thousand years later, Russian Orthodoxy was introduced by Russian settlers from the north. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, 47 percent of the people profess to be Muslim and 44 percent Russian Orthodox.

There are beautiful theaters in the larger cities, and almost every town has a house of culture where plays, art classes, concerts, and dance performances can take place. https://blog.hootsuite.com/how-to-get-more-snapchat-friends/ Many cultures in Kazakhstan have a strong tradition of instrument playing, traditional dancing, and theatrical performances. There are virtually no visible tensions between Muslims and Christians in Kazakhstan.

The IV Eurasian Women’s Summit was held in Astana in November 2015. During the IV Eurasian https://www.insider.com/guides/health/sex-relationships/how-to-start-a-conversation-on-a-dating-app Women’s Summit, EBRD launched Women in Business programme. Under the programme, EBRD allocates multi-million loans to women-led SME’s and assists them with accessing finance and business advice. The EBRD signed the first credit line under the programme in September 2016, providing 3.72 billion tenge (approximately US$20 million) to Bank CenterCredit for on-lending to women-led SMEs. Women are increasingly holding high-ranking political and government positions. In December 2009 Kazakhstan adopted the law “On the state guarantees of equal rights and equal opportunities for men and women”, which stipulates equal access of men and women to civil service.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *